現在式與過去式

向上

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   如出現亂碼,按右鍵,點選「編碼 -> 繁體中文」。

          1. 用「現在式動詞」表現習慣性的動作  What do I usually do in a day?
          2. 用「過去式動詞」表現一天做過的事情  What did I do today?

一篇文章都是由很多的簡單句合併而成(英文裡,主詞+動詞便能構成一個句子,如:I sleep.),如果你對簡單句還沒概念的話,請按這裡對照一下:英文的簡單句

在寫日記時,碰到習慣性的動作通常用現在式。而如果回憶一天的事情便要用過去式。以下蝦米老師舉了兩篇文章為例,第一篇在描寫經常性的習慣,所以用現在式;第二篇在回憶一天從早到晚發生的事,所以用過去式。

第一段裡,粉紅色的字為表現習慣性動作時常常搭配的「時間副詞」,畫底線的字則為現在式動詞。

What Do I Usually Do In A Day?

I get up at about 6 every morning.  Then I brush my teeth, wash my face, put on my uniform, and get ready to go to school.  I usually have breakfast at home, but sometimes I buy something to eat on my way to school.  I usually ride a bicycle to school, but on rainy days my father or mother takes me to school by car.  My best friend, Tony, always goes to school with me.  We often enjoy talking to each other on our way to school.     第一段翻譯-->點這裡可以看中文翻譯

When we get to school, we have to do the cleaning.  Everyone has a job to do.  Some students sweep and mop the floors.  Others dust and wipe the windows and desks.   第二段翻譯

We usually have four classes in the morning and another four in the afternoon.  The first class begins at 8:30.  Between classes we have ten-minute breaks.  Usually we buy snacks or drinks at the tuck-shop or go to the bathroom.  第三段翻譯

For lunch, sometimes I order a lunch box at school, but sometimes my mother brings one to me.  After lunch, we have to take a thirty-minute nap. The first class in the afternoon starts at 1:10.   We have another cleaning time from 14:50 to 15:05.  When the seventh period is over, we have to gather to see our national flag being lowered.  Then we have our last class in a day.  School ends at 4:45 pm.    第四段翻譯

After school, sometimes I stay at the school and play for a while.  But I have to get home by 6 pm.  Mom always cooks dinner for us.  We never eat out.  I have the most wonderful mom in the world.  Although she is a housekeeper, she needs to do the housework very hard.  For example, besides cooking, she does the laundry every eveningSometimes I help her with the housework before doing my homework.  第五段翻譯

After dinner, I like to watch TV with my family in the living room.    We talk, laugh,  and have some fruit for dessert while watching TV.  It is the happiest time in a day in my family.  第六段翻譯

Every evening,  I study for two hours.  At about 10 pm, I go to bed.  Enough sleep is important, so I never stay up.   第七段翻譯


      
第二段裡頭,畫線的字是「動詞的過去式」。刪除線的字是習慣性動作才用的時間頻率副詞,當然這些頻率副詞也可用在過去式,用來表示過去的習慣,例如:When I was in high school, I usually walked to school. (當我讀高中時,我通常都走路上學。)但這裡只是回憶一天的事,而非經常的習慣,就不能用了,和上一篇文章不同。

What Did I Do Today?  按 [  ]可以看單字註釋

Today is[1] Monday.  I got up at about 6..   Then I brushed my teeth, washed my face, put on my uniform, and got ready to go to school.  I usually had milk and bread for breakfast at home.  After breakfast, I usually rode a bicycle to school.  My best friend, Tony, always went to school with me.  We enjoyed talking to each other on our way to school. 第一段翻譯

When we got to school, we had to do the cleaning.  Some students swept and mopped the floors.  Others dusted and wiped the windows and desks. 第二段翻譯

As usual, we had four classes in the morning and another four in the afternoon.  The first class began at 8:30.  Usually During break time, I bought some snacks to eat at the refreshment room (tuck-shop).  Tom, THE FAT PIG, borrowed twenty dollars from me again.  I think he will never return me.  He has borrowed one hundred and fifty.  I don't like him.  I had better get away from him.第三段翻譯

For lunch, sometimes I ordered a lunch box at school, but sometimes my mother brings one to me.  After lunch, I had to take a thirty-minute nap although I didn't feel like it.  I didn't wake up until the fifth class bell rang.   I didn't know why I slept so soundly today.  Maybe I went to bed too late last night.  The fifth period was Mr. Lin's English class.  It was so boring that I almost fell asleep.  During cleaning time, I didn't do my job, and I was caught teacher fooling around by my homeroom teacher.  When the flag lowering ceremony was over, she told me to mop the floor in the classroom as a punishment.  In the last period, the math teacher gave us a quiz and I got a big zero.  I think I'll be dead tomorrow.   My homeroom teacher is going to be mad at me again.  Well, it' OK, you know, I'm getting used to it.  第四段翻譯

After school, I played soccer for a while and then I went back home.  When I got home, Mom was cooking dinner.  I was so hungry. But because dinner was not ready, I went to my room and played on-line games first.  I beat the other players and won the game.   I am so proud of myself, you know.  I am really good at on-line games.  But my mom was angry because I didn't do my homework before playing on-line games. 第五段翻譯

After dinner, I watched TV with my family in the living room.    We often talked a lot about what happened in the day.  I enjoyed talking with my family. 第六段翻譯

Every evening, It's 9:55 now.  I [2]have been studying for almost thirty minutes and I feel so sleepy now.   I think I had better[3] go to bed so that[4] I can get enough sleep.  Otherwise[5], I won't have enough energy to beat Tiger Team in Class 202.  We will have a soccer game with them tomorrow morning.   I [6]am going to get up a little earlier than usual[7] to practice soccer for a while.  [8]Go say good night to Mom and Dad. 第七段翻譯

 

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註:再按一次前面的 [   ] 便可回到文章內

[1] 因為「今天」還沒過完,所以仍然用現在式,但接下來是回憶一天發生的事情,所以用過去式。

[2] 已經讀了三十分。have + 過去分詞(P.P.)是「已經…;…完了」之意。

[3] 最好…。had better + v…和過去式無關。後面只能接原形動詞。

[4] …so that + S +V…如此做的話,才能…。

[5] 否則的話…

[6] 這裡有「打算…」的意思。

[7] earlier是early的比較級,比…早,than比,usual平常

[8] go + v…是常用的口語形式,例:Go wash your hands before you eat.吃東西前先去洗手。

To The Top

 

第一篇翻譯

我一天的作息

我每天早上大約六點鐘起床,然後便刷牙、洗臉、穿上制服、準備上學。我通常在家吃早餐,但有時候我會在上學途中買東西吃。我通常騎腳踏車上學,不過下雨天的時候,我爸爸或我媽媽會開車載我上學。我最好的朋友湯尼總是陪我上學,我們常常在上學路上聊得很愉快。回英文第一段

當我們到達學校的時候,我們必須做打掃工作。每個人都有工作做。有些同學掃地和拖地,有些人擦窗戶及擦桌子。  回英文第二段

我們通常早上有四節課,下午又有另外四節。第一節課在八點半開始。課與課之間有十分鐘下課休息時間,我們通常會去福利社買東西吃或去上洗手間。回英文第三段

午餐我通常在學校訂便當, 不過有時候我媽媽會幫我帶來學校。午餐之後,我們必須午休三十分鐘。下午第一節課在一點十分開始。二點五十分到三點五分又有另一次打掃時間。第七節下課時,我們必須要集合降旗。然後我們就上最後一堂課,四點四十五分放學 。回英文第四段

放學後,有時我會留在學校玩一會兒,不過我必須在六點之前回到家。平常都是我媽煮晚餐給我們吃,我們從來沒去外面吃過。我媽是世界上最好的媽媽了。雖然她是一個家庭主婦,但她仍然要做很多家事。舉例來說,除了煮飯以外,她每天晚上還要洗衣服。有時我在作功課之前都會幫她做一下家事。回英文第五段

晚餐後,我喜歡和家人在客廳裡看電視。我們聊天、說笑、邊看電視邊吃水果當餐後點心。這是我們家一天當中最快樂的時光了。回英文第六段

我每個晚上都會讀兩個小時的書。大概十點鐘我就上床睡覺了。足夠的睡眠是很重要的,所以我從來不熬夜的。回英文文章

第二篇翻譯

我今天做了哪些事

今天是星期一,我早上大約六點起床。然後便刷牙、洗臉、穿上制服、準備好上學。我在家吃了麵包喝了牛奶當早餐。吃過早餐後,我就騎腳踏車上學去了。我最好的朋友湯尼和我一起上學。我們在路上聊得很愉快。回英文第一段

當我們到達學校的時候,我們必須做打掃工作。每個人都有工作做。有些同學掃地和拖地,有些人擦窗戶及擦桌子。回英文第二段

一如往常地,我們早上有四節課,下午又有另外四節。第一節課在八點半開始。下課時,我去福利社買一些零嘴吃。湯姆,那個死肥豬,又跟我借了二十塊,我想他不會還我了。他已經跟我借一百五十元了。我不喜歡他,我最好離他遠一點。回英文第三段

我訂了一個便當當午餐,雖然不太好吃,不過我還是吃光光。吃完午餐我們就午休三十分鐘。午餐後,雖然我不喜歡午休,但還是要睡。我睡到第五節課鈴響才醒過來,我不知道為何今天會這麼好睡,或許因為昨天晚上太晚睡了。第五節是林老師的英文課,真無聊,害我差點睡著了。打掃時間時,我沒打掃,四處趴趴走,結果被導仔逮個正著。降完旗時,她罰我去拖教室的地板。第八節時,數學老師給我們小考,結果我考了零蛋。我想明天我死定了,導仔會氣死的。不過,沒關係啦,你知道嗎,我已經慢慢習慣了。回英文第四段

放學後,我踢了一下下足球,然後才回家。回到家的時候,老媽正在煮菜。我餓死了,可是晚餐還沒好,所以我先回房間玩線上遊戲。我打敗了其他的玩家,贏得了比賽。我真以自己為榮,你知道嗎,我線上遊戲可真是厲害。不過,我老媽可生氣了,因為我玩遊戲之前沒先寫功課。回英文第五段

晚餐後,我和家人一起在客廳裡看電視,我們也聊了很多白天發生的事情。我喜歡和他們一起聊天。回英文第六段

現在是九點五十五分,我已經讀了快三十分鐘,然後覺得很想睡了。我想我最好去睡覺了,以便能有足夠的睡眠。不然的話,我可會沒有力氣打敗二年二班的老虎隊。明天早上跟他們有一場足球賽。我要比平常早一點起來練一下足球,去跟老爸老媽說晚安。回英文第七段