純文字B字部

向上

B字部共75個單字。若有錯誤之處,也敬請不吝指正。

1.      baby (名詞)嬰兒

I have to take care of my baby sister.  我必須要照顧我那還是小嬰兒的妹妹。

2.      back(副詞)回原處(指回到出發的起點)

When did you come back?  你什麼時候回來的?

3.      bad (形容詞)不好的、壞的

Be good!  Don’t be a bad boy. 要乖!別當個壞男孩。

4.      bag (名詞)袋子

You should use a paper bag instead of a plastic one.  你該用紙袋,而不要用塑膠袋。

5.      bakery(名詞)麵包店、糕餅店(baker是糕餅師傅,bake是烘烤)

Can you go to the bakery and get some bread for me?  你可以去麵包店幫我買一些麵包嗎?

6.      ball (名詞)球

The batter missed the ball and was struck out. 打擊者沒打到球,被三振出局。

7.      banana (名詞)香蕉

Would you like some bananas?  They are good for digestion. 你要不要來一些吃蕉?對消化很好喔!

8.      band(名詞)樂團;樂隊

MAYDAY is a famous rock band in Taiwan.  五月天在台灣是很有名的搖滾樂團。

9.      bank (名詞)銀行

The bank was robbed by two men wearing masks. 那家銀行昨天被兩名戴口罩的男子搶劫了。

10.  baseball(名詞)棒球

Chien-ming Wang is my favorite baseball player. 王建民是我最喜歡的棒球球員。

Let’s play baseball after school. 我們放學後來打棒球吧!(當運動名稱時,前面不加athe

11.  basket(名詞)籃子

Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.  不要孤注一擲。(字面義:不要把你全部的蛋都放在同一個籃子內。)

12.  basketball(名詞)籃球(非運動名稱時,單數前面要加a,複數要後面要加s

The cat is playing with three basketballs at the same time, not just one. 那隻貓同時在玩三顆籃球,而非只有一顆。

Playing basketball is fun. 打籃球很好玩。

13.  bath(名詞)洗澡;浴盆(後者和bathtub同義。故bath通常指「盆浴」,而shower則指「淋浴」)

Why don’t you take a bath while I’m fixing dinner for you? 我為你準備晚餐的同時,你何不去泡個澡呢? 

14.  bathroom(名詞)浴室;廁所(第二義尤用於美語中)

Excuse me.  Can you tell me where the bathroom is? 對不起,你可以告訴我廁所在哪兒嗎? 

15.  be(動詞)是;當(為am/is/are/was/were/been 的原形動詞)

Be quiet or the teacher will be angry.  I don’t want to be punished, OK? 安靜,不然老師會生氣。我才不想被處罰呢!好嗎?

What do you want to be when you grow up?  你長大後想要當什麼?

16.  beach(名詞) 海濱;湖濱;河濱(與一片水域交界處有沙地或礫地之處都稱之)

First we swam in the lake.  Then we barbecued on the beach. 我們先在湖裡游泳,然後在沙灘上烤肉。

17.  bear(名詞)熊

The numbers of polar bears are decreasing because of global warming. 因為溫室效應,北極熊的數目正在減少當中。

18.  beautiful (形容詞)美麗的;優美的(名詞beauty;動詞beautify;副詞beautifully

This song is so beautiful that it always comforts my heart when I am in sorrow.  這首歌好優美,每當我悲傷時,它總能撫慰我的心靈。

19.  because(連接詞)因為(不可和so「所以」一起用)

Because I didn’t have enough money, I didn’t buy it. = I didn’t have enough money, so I didn’t buy it. 因為我的錢不夠,所以我就沒買了。

20.  become(動詞)變成(三態變化become, became, become

Writing has become my favorite hobby. 寫作已經變成了我最喜歡的嗜好。

21.  bed (名詞)床(go to bed為固定說法,就寢之意)

What time do you usually go to bed?  你通常幾點上床睡覺(就寢)。

Did you see the book on my bed?  你有沒有看到我床上的那本書?

22.  bedroom(名詞)臥室(由「bed床+room房間」組合而成)

I don’t have my own room.  I share a bedroom with my brother.  我沒有自己的房間,我和我哥哥共用一間臥室。

23.  bee(名詞)蜜蜂

He was stung by a bee. 他被蜜蜂螫了。(stungsting的過去分詞)

He is as busy as a bee. 他忙得團團轉。(字面義:忙得跟蜜蜂一樣。as busy as a bee是固定說法,不可更改)

24.  beef (名詞)牛肉(不可數名詞,cow母牛ox公牛steak牛排)

Most Americans prefer beef to pork.  大多數的美國人喜歡牛肉甚於豬肉。(prefer A to B 較喜歡A,較不喜歡B)

25.  been be動詞的過去分詞(pp) (pp用在1.完成式have/has/had + pp2.被動式be + pp)

Where have you been?  I’ve been looking for you everywhere.  你是跑去哪兒啦?我一直到處在找你耶!(第二句是「現在完成進行式」)

The whole cake has been eaten by me.  整個蛋糕已經都被我吃完了。(現在完成被動式)

26.  before (介系詞) 在…之前(後面加「名詞」或「動名詞」)

I usually take a shower before dinner.  我通常在晚餐前洗澡。

You have to finish your homework before playing online games. 在你玩線上遊戲之前,必須要把家課完成。

27.  begin (動詞) 開始(= start,後面可加「to-V」或「V-ing」當受詞,意思相近。三態變化:begin, began, begun

Suddenly it began to rain. = Suddenly it began raining. 突然下起雨來了。

28.  behind (介系詞)在…後面

I’m right behind you. Don’t be afraid. 我緊跟在你的後面,不要害怕。

29.  believe  (動詞) 相信

I don’t believe you can do it. 我相信你辦不到。

30.  bell (名詞) 鈴;鐘

I heard the bell ring and saw the students rush out of their classrooms. 我聽到鐘聲響起,然後看到學生們衝出教室。

31.  belong (動詞)屬於(常用於句型「某物belong to某人」某物是屬於某人的)

Does this car belong to you? 這台車是屬於你的嗎?

32.  below  (介系詞) 在…底下;低於

The temperature will drop below zero tomorrow night. 明天晚上氣溫會降到零度以下。

33.  belt (名詞) 皮帶;腰帶

I have just lost my job, so I have to tighten my belt. 我剛失業,所以必須勒緊褲帶(少花錢)。

34.  big(形容詞)大的(比較級bigger、最高級the biggest

Do you know how big the earth is? 你知道地球有多大嗎?

His eyes are bigger than his stomach. 他眼高手低(字面:他的眼睛比他的胃口還大。比喻能力不足卻很貪心。)

35.  bird  (名詞) 鳥

I’m an early bird.  I usually get up at 4 AM. 我是個早起的人,我通常早上四點就起床了。(an early bird喻「早起的人」是習慣說法)

36.  birthday (名詞) 生日(birth是「誕生」;day是「日子」)

Would you like to come to my birthday party? 你要來參加我的生日派對嗎?

37.  bite(動詞)咬(三態變化:bite, bit, bitten);(名詞)一口之量

Your dog bit me on the leg. 你的狗咬傷了我的腿。

Can you give me a bite of your apple? 你的蘋果可以給我咬一口嗎?

Once bitten, twice shy. 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕草繩。(字面:被咬一次,受驚嚇兩次/兩倍)

38.  black  (形容詞) 黑色的;(名詞)黑色

Would you like some black tea? 你要不要來點紅茶?(字面:黑茶)

Do you know the woman in black? 你認識穿著黑色服裝的那個女子嗎?

39.  blackboard (名詞) 黑板

Please read the sentences on the blackboard. 請把黑板上的句子讀出來。

40.  blind(形容詞)瞎的

Where are my glasses?  I’m as blind as a bat without them. 我的眼鏡在哪兒?沒戴眼鏡的話,我就像瞎子一樣。

(字面:像蝙蝠一樣瞎,喻幾乎或完全看不見。as blind as a bat是習慣用法)

41.  block  (名詞) 街區(在四周都有街道的一塊地方,從其中一邊的一端走到另一端的距離稱為block,就好像四方形的一個邊長一樣。原意為「積木、塊狀物」)

The post office is only two blocks away from my home. 郵局距離我家只有兩條街。

42.  blow (動詞) 吹(三態變化:blow, blew, blown

The teacher blew his whistle and the class quieted down. 老師吹了哨子,全班就安靜下來了。

43.  blue(名詞)藍色 (形容詞)藍色的、憂鬱的(心情低落)

Blue is my favorite color. 藍色是我最喜歡的顏色。

Why are you feeling blue today? 你今天為什麼心情這麼低落?

(也可說成Why do you look so down today?

44.  boat  (名詞) 船(通常指小型的船,大型的叫ship

We should stop complaining because we are in the same boat now.

我們應該停止抱怨了,因為我們現在在同一艘船上(喻處境相同)。

45.  body (名詞) 身體(複數bodies

I’m so tired and my whole body hurts. 我好累,而且全身痛。

46.  book(名詞)書;(動詞)預定

Little children like to read picture books. 小孩子喜歡看繪本(圖畫書)。

How can I book a hotel room online? 我如何在線上訂房呢?

47.  bookstore  (名詞) 書店(store是「商店」)

Do you have any used bookstores here?   你們這裡有二手書店嗎?

48.  bored (形容詞) 感覺無聊的;boring (形容詞) 令人感覺無聊的、乏味的

I’m so bored.  There’s nothing I can do. 我好無聊。沒有我可以做的事。

English classes are so boring. I always doze off. 英文課真無聊,我總是打起瞌睡。

49.  born(形容詞)出生(是bear「生產」的過去分詞)

I was born on February third. 我是二月三日出生的。

Her baby will be born pretty soon. 她的嬰兒很快就會出生。

50.  borrow  (動詞) 借(指「自外人處借入」,常用「borrow某物from某人」的句型。lend是「借出」)

How much have you borrowed from her?   你已經跟她借了多少錢?

(比較:How much has she lent to you? 她已經借給你多少錢了?)

51.  boss (名詞) 老闆

Just because you’re the boss doesn’t mean that you know everything.

不能說只因為你是老闆,就代表你什麼都知道。

52.  both(代名詞)兩者;(副詞)兩者都;(形容詞)兩個的(三者以上的「都」用all

Both of us enjoy learning English. 我們兩個人都喜歡學英文(代名詞)。

= We both enjoy learning English. (副詞)。
Both his legs were badly hurt.
他的兩條腿都嚴重受傷了。

53.  bottle  (名詞) 瓶;瓶子

I was so thirsty; I drank two bottles of water. 我好渴,我喝了兩瓶水。

54.  bottom (名詞) 底部

The car was found on the bottom of the river.

車子在河底被找到了。

55.  bowl(名詞) 碗;碗狀物(可以裝液體,形狀像碗的都可謂之)

How many bowls of rice can you eat at a time? 你一次可以吃幾碗飯?

The cat knocked the fish bowl off the table and broke it.

貓撞到了魚缸,掉到桌下,把它弄破了。

56.  box  (名詞) 箱子、盒子

Can you help me move these heavy boxes? 你可以幫我搬這些重的箱子嗎?

57.  boy (名詞) 男孩

Don’t push him too much.  He’s still a boy after all.

不要太逼他(給他壓力)。他畢竟還是個小男孩。

58.  bread(不可數名詞)麵包

Would you like a piece of toasted bread? (或說a piece of toast

你要不要來片烤麵包?(toast就是「烤」)

(注意:我們常講的「吐司toast」用來指未烤過的麵包其實是不對的)

I bought a loaf of bread on my way home.

我在回家的路上買了一條麵包(未烤過的)。(註:這裡大家都會說「一條吐司」,是誤用。)

59.  break  (動詞) 打破、弄壞、弄斷

Be careful not to break the vase.  It’s expensive.

小心不要打破了那只花瓶,很貴的。

60.  breakfast (名詞) 早餐(字源:break打破+fast禁食,一夜未進食之後,所用的第一餐,便是breakfast

What’s for breakfast?  Oh, not cereal again.

早餐吃什麼?噢,不要再吃麥片了!

61.  bridge(名詞)橋

The old bridge was washed away by the flood last year, so they want to build a new one.

舊的橋去年被洪水沖走了,所以他們要建一座新的。

62.  bright  (形容詞) 明亮的

What a bight sunny day!  Let’s take a walk.

多麼明亮晴朗的日子啊!我們去散步吧!

63.  bring (動詞) 帶來(三態變化:bring, brought, brought

Can you bring me some fries when you come back?

你回來的時候可以幫我帶些薯條回來嗎?

(句型:「bring+某人+某物」帶某物給某人)

64.  brother(名詞)兄弟

I have a younger brother and two older brothers but no sisters.

我有一個弟弟和兩個哥哥,但沒有姐妹。(哥哥也可說elder brother

65.  brown  (形容詞) 棕色的、咖啡色的、褐色的

Fry the potato until it turns brown. 將馬鈴薯炒到變成棕色(微焦)為止。

66.  brush (動詞)

Always brush your teeth after eating. 吃完東西一定要刷牙。

67.  build(動詞)建造、建立(三態變化build, built, built

This house was built of red brick. 這間房子是用紅磚建造的。

68.  burn  (動詞)

I burned a hole in my shirt when I smoked. 我抽煙的時候,把襯衫燒破了一個洞。

69.  bus (名詞) 公車、巴士

The tour bus driver was arrested because he drove after drinking. 那位遊覽車司機因為酒後開車而被逮補。

70.  business(名詞)生意、事業

Are you here on business or vacation? 你來這裡是出差還是度假?

on business是片語「出差、出勤」之意)

71.  busy (形容詞) 忙的(常用「be busy with+某事」或「be busy+Ving」的句型)

What are you busy with at this moment? 你此刻正在忙什麼?

I'm busy working on a new project. 我正在忙一個新的企劃案。

72.  but (連接詞) 但、不過、可是

You can type very fast without looking at the keyboard, but I can’t.

你可以不用看鍵盤就能打字打得很快,不過我就不行了。

You always finish your work before the deadline, but I don’t.

你總是在期限前就完成工作,而我都沒有。

73.  butter(不可數名詞)奶油(通常指奶類製成的奶油,但前面加上表來源的名詞時則不一定指奶油,而是指「像奶油般的糊狀物、醬」)

Put some butter on the pan and wait till it melts down.

將奶油放在平底鍋裡,等到它熔化。

I only had a peanut butter sandwich for lunch today.

我今天的午餐只吃了一個花生醬三明治。

74.  buy (動詞) 買(三態變化:buy, bought, bought)(常用「buy+某物+for+某人」或「buy+某人+某物」的句型)

My mom bought me an mp4 for my birthday.

= My mom bought an mp4 for me for my birthday. 

我媽媽買了一台mp4給我過生日。

75.  by (介系詞) 在…旁邊;藉由…方法

I usually go to school by bicycle. 我通常騎腳踏車上學。(藉由腳踏車的方式)

I like to sit by the window when I take the bus. 我坐公車時都喜歡坐在窗邊。

(2008.6.10集結)